By J. J. Methvin

Early in 1867 Kiowa leader Many Bears paid the Mescalero Apache one mule, buffalo gowns, and a purple blanket to buy ten-year-old José Andrés Martínez. kidnapped close to his domestic in Las Vegas, New Mexico, in October 1866, he grew to become Many Bears's grandson, Andele. He fast tailored to his new lifestyles, grew to manhood one of the Kiowa, took half in Kiowa raiding events whilst he grew to become 16, and 3 occasions married Kiowa women.

Confined to a reservation in Oklahoma after 1875, Andele within the Eighteen Eighties sought to reclaim his former lifestyles and again to his relatives in Las Vegas. yet in 1889, feeling "his pursuits have been all pointed out with the Kiowa, and that he had discovered to like them," he back to the reservation, taught commercial arts on the company tuition, and aided the Kiowa in security in their lands. within the Eighteen Nineties Andele begun serving as a source to a new release of anthropologists learning Kiowa and Apache society. His captivity narrative, released in 1899 via the Methodist missionary J. J. Methvin, is a useful eyewitness description of Plains Indians. it really is reissued with an creation by way of ethnohistorian James F. Brooks of the collage of Maryland.

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Additional resources for Andele, The Mexican-Kiowa Captive: A Story of Real Life Among the Indians

Sample text

Under a regular column titled "Indian Matters," the October 20, 1866, issue of The New Mexican warned that the Probate Judge of San Miguel County had reported several recent depredations by Apaches in the vicinity of Las Vegas. stole two children and a number of animals. They also killed three men, wounded three more and stole thirty or forty head of stock which they drove from the mountains beyond Upper Las Vegas. " 1 Whether from lack of interest or simple ignorance, the newspaper failed to report that the two captured children were José Andrés Martínez, age ten, and his younger nephew Pedro.

Grierson, commanding the Tenth Cavalry and representing the military arm of the Peace Policy, was charged with protecting the Indians from white encroachments and interdicting renegade Indian raiders. Using rations of coffee, sugar, and corn, Tatum attempted to entice his Kiowa charges into a settled life, but corrupt supplymasters and drought kept the Indians on the verge of starva- Page 4 tion. Heeding the call of tradition and necessity, Kiowa and Comanche warriors continued to make stock-and-captive raids into Texas and New Mexico.

V. Sumner's assessment some years earlier, when he claimed that this predatory warfare has been carried on for over 200 years, between the Mexican & the Indians, quite enough time to prove that unless some change is made the war will be interminable. 2 Page 2 To American readers, the capture of the Martínez boys seemed all too much a part of a generally chaotic "savagery in the Territory. The only solution lay in a larger strategy of military conquest, forced reservation, and economic development that would put an end to this informal commerce, once and for all.

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