By G. Alan Marlatt, Katie Witkiewitz

Because the profitable predecessor of this quantity was once first released, a brand new iteration of analysis has develop into on hand on addictive behaviors comparable to ingesting, smoking, and different substance use. The articles during this assortment, reprinted from American mental organization journals, describe quite a lot of organic, mental, and social methods to getting to know and treating addictive behaviors. the consequences of addictive behaviors diversity from sick overall healthiness and social and family members difficulties to fiscal and criminal problems. Psychologists' roles in mediating the unwanted effects of habit comprise gaining knowledge of the consequences of drug motion, learning the epidemiology and etiology of drug and alcohol abuse, designing prevention courses, realizing the trajectory of substance abuse and kinfolk probability components, screening and evaluation, discovering the easiest types of remedy, and knowing the desires of particular populations. the newest methods to all of those projects are showcased during this quantity, so that it will be of curiosity to scientific healthiness psychologists and different psychological overall healthiness pros from graduate scholars to professional clinicians and researchers.

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Additional resources for Addictive Behaviors: New Readings on Etiology, Prevention, and Treatment

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P. (1992). Naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 49, 876-880. World Health Organization. (1992). ). Geneva, Switzerland: Author. 32 ENOCH GORDIS 2 WHY PSYCHOLOGISTS SHOULD TREAT ALCOHOL AND DRUG PROBLEMS WILLIAM R. MILLER AND SANDRA A. BROWN It is no coincidence that the American Psychological Association's (APA's) College of Professional Psychology selected treatment of substance use disorders as the first proficiency area for specialist certification (S.

Such documented efficacy will likely assume increasing importance as health care services undergo transition to managed care models. , 1995; Miller & Hester, 1980, 1986). Many ofthe effective treatments for alcohol/drug problems do not focus exclusively or even primarily on substance use but address the complex array of adjustment problems that are related to risk for relapse (Institute of Medicine, 1990a). , 1993, 1995; Meyers & Smith, 1995). Behavioral and harm-reduction strategies compare favorably with other approaches when cost-effectiveness is the criterion (Finney & Monahan, 1996; Holder, Longabaugh, Miller, & Rubonis, 1991; Marlatt, Larimer, Baer, & Quigley, 1993).

Reward, aversion, and associated behaviors. 4. Cues and conditioning also are important as we discuss the operational meaning of craving and relapse. The understanding of these phenomena has been significantly advanced through behavioral science studies. 5. Memory and leaming, which come up in several ways in alcoholism. The neural circuits of memory, for example, the ability to remember the consequences of one's decision to drink, are probably related to the important issue of tolerance. 6. Affect, that is, the mood that alcohol may be sought after to relieve or the mood that it perhaps creates.

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