By Lichtenberk, Frantisek

Toqabaqita is an Austronesian language spoken through nearly 13,000 humans at the island of Malaita within the south-eastern Solomon Islands. This two-volume grammar is the 1st entire description of the language, in line with the author's box paintings. The grammar bargains with the phonology, morphology, syntax, and discourse styles of the language, in addition to with its touch with Solomon Islands Pijin. will probably be of certain curiosity to typologists and to experts in Austronesian linguistics.

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Bilingualism in Solomon Islands Pijin is the norm, and many people also have some knowledge of English. Hogbin (1939 [1970]) gives a detailed account of Toqabaqita society in the early 1930s and of the changes it was undergoing. More recent information on various aspects of Toqabaqita society can be found in Frazer (1973, 1981) and Foana’ota (1994). Within Austronesian, Toqabaqita is a member of the Oceanic subgroup. 2, respectively. 2. Previous studies of the language The first description of the grammar of the language is Ray’s (1926: 498–513) sketch, which appears to be based primarily on a translation of the New Testament (Na alaofua falu: ….

Given the richness and complexity of human languages, and the fact that fully-functioning languages are not fixed, either lexically or grammatically, writing a fully comprehensive grammar of any such language is an unattainable goal in principle. It is with that in mind that this grammatical description of Toqabaqita is presented here. 1. 1. 1. 1. Consonant phonemes bilabial plosives voiced voiceless nasals, voiced trill, voiced fricatives, voiceless approximants, voiced lateral glide interdental b m – 6 dental d t n r s labial-velar velar glottal gdb kdp g k 0 !

In words that involve derivation, the stem has the same stress pattern as in its base form (without derivation), unless rule IV would thereby be violated. VI. In compounds, each component has the same pattern it would have as an independent word, unless rule IV would thereby be violated. VII. Grammatical morphemes of one syllable are normally unstressed and cliticize onto the preceding or the following word. When they do not cliticize (in very slow speech), they receive weak stress (and the vowel is lengthened).

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