By Peter A. Chew

This dissertation offers a coherent, synchronic, broad-coverage, generative phonology of Russian. I try out the grammar empirically in a couple of how you can be certain its goodness of healthy to Russian. In taking this technique, I target to prevent making untested (or even incoherent) generalizations in keeping with just a handful of examples. commonly, the checks express that there are exceptions to the speculation, yet at the least we all know what the exceptions are, a baseline is determined opposed to which destiny theories may be measured, and generally the share of outstanding instances is diminished to lower than 5%. The valuable theoretical results of the paintings are as follows. First, I express that every one of the phonological or morphophonological strategies reviewed will be defined by way of a grammar not more robust than context-free. Secondly, i use probabilistic constraints within the syllable constitution grammar to provide an explanation for why constraints on word-marginal onsets and codas are weaker than on word-internal onsets and codas. I argue that the positive aspects [+/- preliminary] and [+/- final], and extraprosodicity, are pointless for this function.

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A further refinement to the SSG specifies a ‘minimum sonority difference’ that must obtain between two adjacent positions in a syllable: Harris (1983: 21) suggests that this minimum might vary from language to language. For instance, Spanish requires adjacent consonants in the same syllable to be non-adjacent on the sonority scale Obstruent < Nasal < Liquid < Glide < Vowel; thus, Spanish allows only a subset of the rising-sonority clusters as onsets. The second question, regarding the level at which sonority holds, is addressed by Clements (1990: 323).

G. Steriade 1982, Rubach and Booij 1990). There is no question that this approach to syllabification works, but it is easy to be left with the impression that bottom-up syllabification is the only possible rule-based method of syllabification. 4, it is quite possible to implement Kahn’s hypotheses about onsets and codas within a framework which assigns syllable structure in a manner which is not bottom-up. This is because Kahn’s syllabification algorithm is in reality a framework in which a particular theory about syllable structure is implemented.

The purpose of this grammar is to parse Russian 59 word-forms exhaustively into syllables10, and the grammar will be subjected to computational testing. In order to build up a grammar of syllabification, two basic elements are needed: the first of these is a ‘lexicon’ of pre-terminal rules, specifying the alphabet of segments which may occur in Russian together with all the segments’ relevant features, and the second is the list of rules which assigns hierarchical structure to these segments. 2 respectively.

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