By Karen Yeats

This ebook explores combinatorial difficulties and insights in quantum box thought. it's not finished, yet relatively takes a journey, formed through the author’s biases, via the various vital ways in which a combinatorial point of view should be delivered to undergo on quantum box conception. one of the results are either actual insights and fascinating mathematics.

The booklet starts by means of contemplating perturbative expansions as types of producing features after which introduces renormalization Hopf algebras. the remaining is damaged into components. the 1st half seems to be at Dyson-Schwinger equations, stepping steadily from the merely combinatorial to the extra actual. the second one half appears at Feynman graphs and their periods.

The flavour of the ebook will entice mathematicians with a combinatorics historical past in addition to mathematical physicists and different mathematicians.

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Additional resources for A Combinatorial Perspective on Quantum Field Theory

Example text

As in the tree case we want to be able to use this operator to write specification equations (which will be our combinatorial Dyson-Schwinger equations) for graphs. Furthermore we would like γ B+ to be a 1-cocycle. In simple cases it works out immediately For example in Yukawa theory we might make the combinatorial DysonSchwinger equation X(x) = I − xB+ 1 X(x) which is the same as the specification for plane rooted trees discussed in Sect. 2. This example is a key running example in [1, 2]. Unfortunately, in general things are more complicated.

2 are both QED graphs. • Yukawa theory also has 3 half edge types, a half meson edge, a front half fermion edge, and a back half fermion edge. Two half mesons give a meson edge, , with weight 2 and a pair of each half fermion gives a fermion edge, drawn , with weight 1. There is a vertex with one of each half edge and drawn the dimension of spacetime is 4. Combinatorially, this is identical to QED. The substantial physical differences between these two theories are captured in the Feynman rules of the theories.

A2 a1 . The word is reversed and there is a sign. There are a few things to note here. First, the antipode is the direct analogue to the Möbius function in this context. This explains why the recursive formula is strongly reminiscent of Möbius inversion. See [2] for more about the connection between the antipode and Möbius inversion. Second, since the combinatorial Hopf algebras of interest to us are commutative and hence S ◦ S = id, these Hopf algebras are not the kind of interest in the quantum groups world.

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