By Axel Korner ed.

The assumption of a 'Springtime of ecu Peoples', thoughts of a common republic and the attention for the ecu size of the progressive occasions had an incredible effect at the rules of 1848. They have been mirrored in songs, pamphlets and political statements. notwithstanding, the meanings of 1848 - its histories and thoughts - switch over the years and in accordance with various political, neighborhood and nationwide contexts. The preliminary idealism was once quickly changed by means of nationalist aggressiveness. In such a lot commemorations, the revolution seemed as a countrywide occasion in the nationwide histories of realms. this attitude merely replaced in 1998, at the get together of its a hundred and fifty years' anniversary, whilst historians, poiiticains and the general public rediscovered 1848 as a eu revolution, legitimising the rescue of the countryside. 1848: a ecu Revolution? analyses the dichotomy among the foreign measurement in the rules of the revolution and the nationalisation of stories in its commemorations over the last one hundred fifty years.

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Moving away from the – in Germany – traditionally negative image of barricades and social movements, Valentin viewed the revolution as an early example of democratic mobilization and civil society in Germany. At the time, the book was understood as an apology for parliamentary government, which during the years of the late Weimar Republic was under permanent attack by anti-democratic forces – the communist party on the left, conservatives and the new national-socialist movement on the right. Politically motivated critique of his work as historian was not new to Valentin.

Differences as similarities between the European revolutions of 1848 invite comparison from the historian's point of view and contribute to our understanding of change over time in European societies. Is it possible to speak of ‘connected events’? Despite the overwhelmingly national focus of most histories of 1848, some works do draw attention to the aforementioned ‘interactions’. Even historians of Italy explain the overthrow of the old order in a European context,17 and this despite the fact that here commotion was evident since 1846, the beginning of the Pius IX papacy, and thus long before the outbreak of the revolution in the rest of the continent.

61 As illustrated by the parliament's claims on the Dutch province of Limburg, even international law was considered secondary with regard to questions of ‘national’ interest. The year 1848 also signified the end of formerly widespread German sympathy for the Polish national movement, which had also desperately hoped for a revolutionary coup de main from France. ’63 If, in the context of the 150th anniversary, politically motivated analyses of 1848 tend to stress the ‘European vision’ of the revolution they also tend to forget the national aggression in the debate.

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